You are here : Home » en » News & Infos » Informations » Canna flower

Canna flower

Thai flora

All the versions of this article:


The canna flower (Canna indica) in Thai พุทธรักษา - Phuttharaksa, also called red balisier or toloman or conflore is part of the Cannaceae family.
Native to the Caribbean and tropical America, it has spread to all tropical regions of the planet.

His name พุทธรักษา is composed of the name of Buddha (พุทธ) and the word care (รักษา -raksa).
In Thailand, the canna and its wood are sacred. Thais believe that the canna planted in the garden or inside the house, protects it and those who live there. The canna is also supposed to help maintain peace.
To ensure prosperity for the inhabitants, the canna should be planted in the west preferably on a Wednesday.


The canna is grown for its flowers and is the source of many hybrids.
It measures most of the time less than one meter. Some varieties can reach three meters.

Canna indica

The elliptical leaves, about forty to eighty centimeters long, evoke those of banana trees with colors ranging from green to purple.
The bunches at the top of the plant are composed of several orange, pink, pale pink, yellow, red or purple flowers with many spotted hybrids.

The fruits

Canna fruit

The fruits are dehiscent capsules [1].
The rhizomes are eaten cooked or grilled, steamed, boiled, fried or baked. Cooking must be faster than that of the potato, if you want to keep a taste and texture remains intact.
Grated pulp is used to extract a starch similar to that of the marrow [2] Used in the industry to make Chinese vermicelli.
She is involved in making flans, puddings, cakes and biscuits, confectionery, sweets or as a thickener.
In the Caribbean, it is widely used for traditional feeding of infants.


The rhizome of canna has emollient and diuretic properties.
We make decoctions and poultices.


- 24% starch;
- fibers;
- iron ;
- vitamins A, B, C.
The edible portion of canna contains 39 grams of carbohydrate per 100 grams.
The flour or starch of canna contains 85 g of carbohydrates per 100 grams.

Illustrated postal stamps with red and yellow canna

Some varieties of Canna indica

Yellow flowers

Yellow canna

- Canna Lucifer, Red Supported On Yellow Edge,
- Canna Fire Bird, Bright Red
- Canna Confetti Yellow Speckled Orange
- Canna Edulis: Edible
- Canna Indica: Red Orange Yellow Violet In The Same Flower
- Canna Alberik
- Canna Angele Martin
- Canna Bonnezeaux
- Brilliant Canna
- Canna Caballero
- Canna Calimero
- Centenary Canna Rozain Boucharlat
- Canna Centurion
- Canna Champigny
- Canna Cleopatra
- Canna Coccinea
- Canna Countess Of Auteville
- Canna Confetti
- Canna Corrida
- Canna Di Bartolo
- Canna Doctor Zhivago
- Canna Edulis
- Canna Eglantine
- Canna Elisabeth Hoss
- Canna Embleme
- Canna Forward
- Canna Endeavor
- Canna Erebus
- Canna Star of Fire
- Canna Ecstasy
- Canna Felix Ragot
- Canna Felix Roux
- Magic Fire Canna
- Canna Flameche
- Canna Franciscus
- Canna Freiheistatue
- Canna Gamay
- Canna General Striatus
- Canna Glory Of Rome
- Canna Gnom
- Grand Duc Canna
- Canna Gruss And Rund
- Canna Horn
- Canna Ibis
- Canna Ile D’Or
- Canna Indica

Red flowers

Red Canna

- Canna Glory
- Canna The Source
- Canna Lafayette
- Canna L’Aiglon
- Canna Liberation
- Liberte Canna
- Canna Lolita
- Canna Louis Cayeux
- Canna Louis Cottin
- Canna Marabout
- Canna Meyerbeer
- Canna Mrs Lepoutre
- Canna Ms. Louis Cottin
- Canna Ms. Lucien Cohn
- Canna Mrs. P. Caseneuve
- Canna My Prefere
- Canna Montaigne
- Canna Firebird
- Golden Bird Canna
- Canna Panach
- Canna Panama
- Canna Pharaoh
- Canna Picador
- Canna Plantagenet
- Canna President
- Canna Pretoria
- Canna Prince Charming
- Queen Charlotte Canna
- Canna Ra
- Sun King Canna
- Canna King Himbert
- Canna Rosalind
- Canna Saladin
- Canna Sangria
- Canna Saumur
- Canna Semaphore
- Canna Strasbourg
- Canna Stuttgart
- Canna Tafraout
- Canna Talisman
- Canna Taney
- Canna Chad
- Canna Wallace


Conflore - Canna indica
Kingdom Plantae
Tracheobionta Sub-Kingdom
Magnoliophyta Division
Liliopsida class
Subclass Zingiberidae
Order Zingiberales
Cannaceae family
Like Canna
Binomial name Canna indica, L., 1753

[1A plant organ is said to be "dehiscent" when it is naturally open at maturity], with short, tender spines containing small black seeds.
The seeds are small glossy black balls, denser than water and very resistant. They are often used as pearls to make jewelry.

The canna is a plant with rhizomes (not bulbs) [[The rhizomes look very different from that of bulbs and tubers. These are usually underground stems running horizontally. The end of the rhizome often rises upward to form a new plant.
A bulb is a kind of onion hiding, in its center, a flower bud surrounded by scales. In these scales is the food stock. From the top of the bulb grow the stems and down the roots.
Tubers are often called bulbs, but in reality they are a little different. The tubers are not composed of scales, but form a single whole. The food supply is stored in fleshy roots (tubers) or stems (tuberous roots). On the roots or stems are axillary buds (eyes) from which the roots and shoots emerge.

[2The marante (Maranta arundinacea), dictaria, arrowgrass or arrowroot, is a rhizomatous plant from which a starch is made which can be used as a thickening ingredient in pastry and confectionery.